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What skills are required for Full Stack developer?

This is the era of digitisation, and many businesses and organisations have established a distinct online presence through their websites. So naturally, the web development domain is experiencing unprecedented growth, resulting in a significant increase in demand for experienced and skilled Full Stack Developers. 

Innovations and developments are taking place everywhere, creating new positions to support them. The full stack developer is such a position created by innovation and technologies. This article discusses the skills required to become a successful full-stack developer.

What is a Full-Stack?

A web application or website's development process has three sections. They are Front-end, back-end, and database-related methods. Traditionally, there are different developers for different end development. These developers are experts in one area of action—for instance, Front-end and back-end development. But the full-stack developer is an expert in all three sections.

Later, a new set of developers was born with the associated technologies' development. They are full-stack developers. In simple words, a full stack developer is a programmer who can work equally well with both front-end and back-end technologies. Full-stack developers are an all-purpose resource in the development process.

To become a full stack developer following skills are required and are critical to getting the job. So let's get into the details.

Skills of a full-stack developer

As we said earlier, a full-stack developer has to be proficient in both back-end and front-end operations. So, the list of skills required is a little longer than the usual job titles.

Front-end development

HTML/CSS: let's begin from the basics. HTML and CSS are two basic building blocks of web development. While HTML allows the developers to add content to the website, CSS enables alteration in the look of websites or applications.

JavaScript

This one is also an essential skill. JavaScript is a mandatory language to make a career out of full stack development. A survey conducted in 2016among the developers suggests that JavaScript is the best-suited programming language for full stack development.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

CSS improves the visual appeal of a website's content. CSS is a style sheet that allows changing the font, size, spacing, and other aspects of the web component and style. How HTML elements should be displayed on the screen is also defined here.

Back-end Languages

To handle the back-end processes, at least one of the following languages is a must for a full-stack developer.

  • Java
  • SQL
  • C#
  • JavaScript
  • Python
  • C
  • PHP
  • IOS
  • RUBY/RAILS

Naturally, it is better to have fluency in more languages. However, an excellent full-stack developer should work towards an ultimate proficiency in one chosen language.

HTTP/HTTPS

HTTP and HTTPS application protocols are essential for communication between clients and servers. Moreover, HTTPS holds value nowadays due to the growing security concerns.

Databases/Web Storage

The developer has to use a web storage facility to store data while developing websites and applications. So, the concepts behind relational databases and memory storage are mandatory for full-stack developers.

Web Architecture

 It is one of the more advanced skills. A developer must know how to structure their code and data in the database. The design project complexity involved in the development process makes such skills almost mandatory for the job. These are the essential skills you must learn before starting a career in full-stack development. Any full-stack developer course will consist of all these technologies as part of their syllabus. Also, remember that it is essential to practice these skills just as attending a full stack developer tutorial.

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