A Java Full Stack Developer is a programmer who has expertise in both front-end development and back-end development. A full-stack developer can easily toggle between different parts of the application without causing overload and comes in handy when designing new features or planning forward.
The said role can be a quite a rewarding job as full-stack developers are in high demand and are being hired at handsome salaries. However, because of the technological world continually revolutionizing, you need multiple skills to become successful in this department. The skills required to become a successful full-stack developer are listed below.
Front End Technologies
Being an expert in Full stack development, one should be master of essential technologies listed below -
1. HTML / CSS -
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are the building blocks of a website as they help you to add and style the content. Both HTML and CSS are the basic requirements to be a successful full-stack developer. Being proficient in HTML5 and CSS3 is an added advantage as it allows you to develop and design content with higher precision.
HTML is used for using markup to define the structure of the webpage, whereas CSS is used for the presentation of the HTML elements. Both these languages are used together to make creative websites and thus, being proficient in them is a necessity.
Backend Technologies -
Backend technologies are used to manage operations in the database, manage user authentication, and fill up content on the website. There are a lot of backend languages, but you need to be proficient in a few popular ones mentioned below.
1. Backend Languages -
* PHP: PHP (Hypertext Pre-processor) is a server-side programming language that is used alongside SQL (Structured Query Language) to grab information from the database
* Python: Python is a prevalent programming language that is high in demand. Python has a refined and straightforward syntax with large frameworks like Flask and Django.
* Java: Java works both in front-end and back-end and is widely used for building web applications.
2. Databases and Web Storage-
Developing web applications will be pointless if you don't have a place to store the data that you can access later. Thus, to be a successful Java Full Stack Developer, you need to know about memory storage and relational databases. You should be proficient at understanding, creating, and manipulating the database query.
Gain knowledge about SQL databases and linking them to backend languages. Among the more commonly used databases are MongoDB, Oracle, MySQL, SQLServer, etc.
3. API using REST -
HTTP is a protocol that enables servers to communicate with the client. REST is an interface which uses HTTP to collect data and generate operations. In simple words, the REST API is a translator that allows the front-end to understand the backend. To be a successful full-stack developer, you need to understand this relationship.
Version Control and Debugging -
Git is an open-source repository service which assists effective management to changes made to websites, codes, documents, applications, and other information related to the application development. Developers who are proficient in Git stay updated with all the minor changes which are made to the application codebase.
Therefore, if you want to be successful as a Java Full Stack Developer, you should know how to work with Git and maintain a profile on GitHub. Having a profile on GitHub is vital if you work in a team. Subversion (also called as Tortoise SVN) works on the same principle of Git. This can be a good alternative for version control.
To get started with Git, you should:
* Get accustomed to Git examples and engage in Git exercises
* Learn the basic Git commands and examples
Full-stack development is a skill that is in high demand. To become a successful full-stack developer, you need to be proficient in all the skills that are required for full-stack development. If you are lacking in any of these skills, you can take up a Java Full Stack Developer Course to upgrade your skillset and get better opportunities.