• MBA in Fintech
    Co-created with Jain University
    4.7 out of 5 by 3311 learners
    2x industry demand
  • Post Graduate Program in Business Management with NMIMS
    Co-created with NMIMS
    4.8 out of 5 by 6071 learners
    4x Industry Demand
  • Post Graduate Program in Banking and Credit Underwriting
    4.7 out of 5 by 1376 learners
    12 X industry demand
  • Post Graduate Program In Finance And Accounting
    Co-created with Grant Thornton
    4.9 out of 5 by 238 learners
    14 X industry demand
  • Professional Certification in FinTech
    Co-created with SP Jain School of Global Management
    4.8 out of 5 by 534 learners
    6X industry demand
  • Credit Risk and Underwriting Prodegree
    Co-created with Moody’s Analytics
    4.5 out of 5 by 526 learners
    4X industry demand
  • Banking And Wealth Management Bootcamp
    4.7 out of 5 by 460 learners
    3X industry demand
  • Post Graduate Program In Capital Markets
    4.7 out of 5 by 807 learners
    3X industry demand
  • Certified Investment Banking Operations Professional
    4.8 out of 5 by 7600 learners
    8X industry demand
  • Post Graduate In New Age Banking
    4.6 out of 5 by 1726 learners
    4X industry demand

Financial institutions around the globe manage and give loans to companies/businesses that need help. But hey have to manage the records of its clients and has to find out the possibility of non-payment. A good financial institution always has an expert team dedicated to this job.

They analyze the data/information of the clients and based on some attributes; they find out the trustworthiness factor on any particular client. This helps the bank to identify those clients who can ditch them in the future and thus they take measures accordingly.

In this article, let us discuss some famous methods which are widely used by people to calculate credit risk.

What is an Underwriting Model?

Underwriting is a structured process which is used by financial institutions/investors to find out the level/degree of vulnerability in terms of non-payment, late payment of dues can occur. It is a type of analytical job. It helps in reducing the chances of credit risk.

Let us discuss various types of underwriting which are widely used.

Widely used underlying models in credit risk

  • Traditional approach – There are many sites and surveys which determine the potential of risk in different sectors. Agencies like S&P, Moody, etc. determine the level of credit risk in different sectors such as mortgage loans, industrial loans, education loans, etc. financial institutions use this data and view the potential of risk according to them only. There is no specialized analytics conducted at the workplace. Such an approach is not bad because these agencies are highly credited and certified.
  • Rating based system – Its formula is the product of Probability of Default (PD), Exposure at Default (EAD) and Loss Given Default (LGD). It gives us the value of the expected loss. Expected loss = PD * EAD * LGD, Where, EAD is defined as the amount of credit given to any particular client. PD is defined as the low approval ratings and bad records which lead to the possibility of credit risk. For default companies, PD is 100%, LGD is the loss faced by the company/firm. A lot of analytical work is done in these types of approaches but they give more accurate results. Many financial institutions have dedicated workplaces and a highly valued job for credit risk analysts.
  • Advanced rating system – It has two types which are as follows:

    Calculated internally in the bank whereas EAD & LGD are provided by the bank supervisors who can also use various existing frameworks provided by BASEL to determine these aforementioned attributes. A lot of analysis is based on algorithms in this method.

    Advanced IRB approach in which all the attributes are calculated internally by the Foundation IRB (Internals Ratings Based) approach in which PD is  Bank but the work is mainly automated through good analytical models and frameworks.

The Five Fundamental C’s of Credit Risk

Five basic attributes are used across each model. These are Credit history of the customer, Capital, Capacity of repayment, Collateral and Conditions of the loan. These C’s are manipulated into mathematical values and institutions find the potential/vulnerability of the credit risk from any particular customer. There are many accords and regulations such as BASEL III, IFRS 9, etc. which help in determining credit risk.

Conclusion

There are many types of fraud activities witnessed by financial institutions. To protect any such incidents, the institutions try to dig up about the client and conclude that if he is eligible for the loan or not. He will get the loan only if the approvers think that he/she can repay in due time.

This protects banks /investors from losses. There is a credit rating for each borrower which fluctuates based on his repayment. If he/she fails to repay, his credit ratings may go below and he/she may be denied a loan in the future. This article was all about widely used models for determining credit risk.

For Online Course Enquiries
About Imarticus
Imarticus Learning is India’s leading professional education institute that offers training in Financial Services, Data Analytics & Technology. We’ve successfully transformed careers of over 35,000+ individuals globally through our Certification, Prodegree, and Post Graduate programs offered in association with leading and renowned global organisations in the Financial Services, Data Analytics & Technology domain.
Related course
  • Under Graduate
    MBA in Fintech
    Co-created with Jain University
    Course duration(Months)
    24
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.7 out of 5 by 3311 learners
    2x industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    nil ONLINE Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • Placement Program
    Post Graduate Program in Business Management with NMIMS
    Co-created with NMIMS
    Course duration(Months)
    24
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.8 out of 5 by 6071 learners
    4x Industry Demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    ONLINE Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • Post Graduate
    Post Graduate Program in Banking and Credit Underwriting
    Course duration(6)
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.7 out of 5 by 1376 learners
    12 X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    Not Available MUMBAI Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • Post Graduate
    Post Graduate Program In Finance And Accounting
    Co-created with Grant Thornton
    Course duration(months)
    4
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.9 out of 5 by 238 learners
    14 X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    None DELHI Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • Certification
    Professional Certification in FinTech
    Co-created with SP Jain School of Global Management
    Course duration(Months)
    3
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.8 out of 5 by 534 learners
    6X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    ONLINE Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • PRODEGREE
    Credit Risk and Underwriting Prodegree
    Co-created with Moody’s Analytics
    Course duration(Months)
    3
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.5 out of 5 by 526 learners
    4X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    13th February ONLINE Weekend
    Date Location Schedule
  • Certification
    Banking And Wealth Management Bootcamp
    Course duration(Months)
    2-3
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.7 out of 5 by 460 learners
    3X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    30th January LUCKNOW Weekend
    Date Location Schedule
  • Post Graduation
    Post Graduate Program In Capital Markets
    Course duration(months)
    4
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.7 out of 5 by 807 learners
    3X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    Not Available ONLINE Online
    Date Location Schedule
  • Certification
    Certified Investment Banking Operations Professional
    Course duration(Months)
    2-3
    Upcoming batches
    10
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.8 out of 5 by 7600 learners
    8X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    17th January PUNE Weekend
    23rd January MUMBAI Weekday
    30th January LUCKNOW Weekend
    13th February PUNE Weekend
    5th March BANGALORE-KORAMANGALA Weekday
    Date Location Schedule
    5th January BANGALORE-KORAMANGALA Weekday
    23rd January MUMBAI Weekend
    4th February BANGALORE-KORAMANGALA Weekday
    20th February BANGALORE-KORAMANGALA Weekend
    13th March ONLINE Weekend
  • Post Graduation
    Post Graduate In New Age Banking
    Course duration(months)
    4
    Upcoming batches
    1
    Organizations enrolled
    20
    4.6 out of 5 by 1726 learners
    4X industry demand
    Upcoming Batches
    Date Location Schedule
    None ONLINE Online
    Date Location Schedule