What is Credit Risk Modeling?
A large number of varying factors affect credit risk. This makes it harder to assess the credit risk of a borrower and with such large sums hanging in the balance, credit risk modelling becomes crucial.
Credit risk model involves utilising various data models in order to find out the probability of the loan being defaulted and also the impact of this default on the financial environment of the people lending the money.
Thus, institutions of finance depend on credit risk models to find out the risks where potential clients are concerned. Decisions regarding whether the loan is to be given and the amount of interest on the loan are made on the basis of the credit risk models that are being used.
With technological advancement, novel ways of credit risk modelling have been developed. The emergence of various kinds of risks and advancement in the economy today has served to affect the way in which credit risk modelling is done. Taking a credit risk course would make this topic a lot easier to comprehend while providing the person taking it with all the necessary tools to succeed.
Factors Affecting Credit Risk Modelling
From disruption of cash flow as well as a higher cost of collection to losing interest and principal, the risks of lending are of many kinds. Thus predicting the various risks in an accurate manner is important to prevent these from happening. While assessing credit risk, factors like the financial health of the customer and the effects of any default on both the lender as well as the borrower, the three important factors to consider are as follows:
- PD (Probability of Default): This involves predicting and determining the probability of a borrower to commit a credit default.
- Loss Given Default; This is in reference to the complete loss that the creditor will have to endure in case of default. This is a very crucial part of credit risk modelling.
- Exposure at Default: This refers to the measure of complete exposure of a creditor at a particular time.
On taking a credit risk course, an in-depth understanding of the above-mentioned topics will be available to the person taking the course.
Topics in Credit Risk Modelling Right Now
After the financial crisis that took place recently, regulators have put into effect a large emphasis on decreasing expectation for support from the government. Instead, a larger focus is asked to be placed on bettering the management and assessment of credit risks by banks. The current topics being discussed right now regarding credit risk and the statistical implications of these are listed in brief below.
- Expecting governmental support when a matter of distress arises in banks: Using the special features of the credit swap market, it is found that government support has decreased towards banks in distress.
- Estimation of covariance matrices through the eyes of risk management in the market: This issue, for instance, comes from centralised credit default swap clearing. A large number of special functions in regard to the loss as well as an efficient visualization tool for assessment of estimators is what is being proposed. Regularisation would improve the overall performance of various portfolio variance models.
- Assessment and estimation of risks in pricing products: This would involve strategically picking mispriced products by a well-informed person when the measures are unknown. The total risk of estimation can be reduced.
Credit risk courses would help individuals to better understand these discussion points. A credit risk course would allow aspirants to excel in this field by providing them with all the required information.
Also Read: What is Credit Risk Modelling