IFRS 9 is an international standard set by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) which focuses on financial instruments. It is a complete set of requirements and constraints which are to be met by the banks. This results in a lot of complexity and adjustments for investment bankers. The international regulatory organization BASEL has also increased the minimum capital requirements for banks from 2% in BASEL II to 4.5% in BASEL III. These adjustments sometimes come harsh on the banking sector and change the business behaviour of many financial institutions.
Investment banks are required to collect information on their clients and measure their satisfaction level. In this era of competition, banks have to come up with new services every now and then for their existing clients in order to plant the seed of loyalty in their clients. In order to remain competitive, there is a lot of diversity in the services offered by the banks. To manage the needs of all the clients and then coming with new services accordingly is a tedious job and a challenge in the investment banking sector.
The introduction of BASEL III has hampered the product profitability a lot. These shifts and changes also affect the structured derivatives and profit or return of equity (ROE). Banks have to constantly dig into their system and find out the loopholes and have to get rid of unprofitable transactions and services. The capital management has to be accurate as we all say ‘Capital is scarce’.
Cross border activities
Many financial institutions are known for providing services globally, global banking is a trillion-dollar industry in the current era. But these cross-border activities are not easy. You must have heard about the disadvantages of recently famous cryptocurrency Bitcoin. Blockchain is another method used for cross border payments but its trustworthiness is always questioned. There is always vulnerability from theft and fraud. Also, major disruptions and changes come to end investment banking because of cross border activities. A good investment banker needs to adapt and cope up with these changes.
The governmental formalities and laws are to be followed very strictly by the financial institutions. The recent laws and the ROE hits have forced bankers to optimise their production costs. The cost of services that are to be offered to the clients must not end in loss. Investment bankers have to do risk analysis and cost management.
Increase in Digital banking
Digital banking is growing more than ever. To transform and adapt to this pace is very important for the banks.
There are various types of cyber-attacks and the financial institutions are always vulnerable to such theft and fraud. There must be strict network security algorithms installed in the bank servers. If the banks have to transform in this era of digitisation, they have to cope up with the flaws.
Banks have to settle all the derivatives in order to sustain. But the collateral damage suffered by the financial institutions makes it even tougher to deal with such unsettled derivatives. They have to implement a standard model to deal with OTC derivatives, this model should be proposed in such a way that it helps in identifying disruptions and helps in dealing with collateral damage.
You must have heard about the foreign financial institutions catching the ‘Fintech Fever’. Often, we can hear owners of foreign banks saying it is a threat to centralised banking. They have to cope up with all these cross-border activities and disruptions. Ranging from inflation to cyber threats, there are a lot of challenges faced by the investment bankers. In India too, these challenges are faced by the investment banking sector. But then again, the investment banking sector is very profitable if managed well. A good investment banker must know the ways of dealing with these challenges. This article was all about current and future challenges and changes in the investment banking sector.