In a bid to liberate the poor and marginalise, the Indian Government has rightly focused on creating jobs. The focus lights are on the fintech startups, the banking sector, digital payments and measures to encourage them in the hope of achieving financial stability and financial inclusion.
Importance of Fintech and Financial Technology
The winning combination of technology and finance working in harmony is now coined fintech and is crucial to all financial transactions by banks, e-commerce sites, NBFCs, payments providers, merchants, and service- providers. Every sector including banking, real estate, governmental measures and subsidies, telecom, insurance and everything in between depends on technology to crunch their numbers, maintain paperless records, KYC compliance, subscriber identification verification and a host of other supportive technological innovations.
Fintech holds immense developmental potential. It creates more jobs through its startups, sandboxes, incubators and newer companies that improve telephony, cloud services, data storage, big- data, and deep-learning capacities across the board. They, in reality, accelerate financial inclusion.
Fintech in Financial Inclusion
Fintech Start -ups have been able to revolutionise the technology backbone of the financial transactions impacting almost all sectors of our economy. Delivering better financial services to the disadvantaged and unbanked has over the last decade been able to take digitalization to the grass-root levels thereby improving financial inclusion.
The government has implemented on its part, many measures backed by fintech courses to improve the lot of the rural poor. Measures like promoting mobile telephony, e-KYC, the opening of basic zero balance savings accounts, encouraging rural banking, delivering of subsidies through Aadhar directly to beneficiaries, self-help-groups, and micro-financing, improving credit counseling centers, the Kisan Credit Card and many more. Using fintech, in little over a decade, the government has also successfully implemented its policies by bringing in internet banking, ATM machines, mobile banking, electronic instantaneous fund transfers, and many such innovative measures.
Notable among the measures for financial inclusion is:
- Aadhaar card
- The UPI and cashless transactions
- Smartphones and mobile telephony
- Zero-balance Jan-Dhan Yojana bank accounts
Suggested Policies By Fintech Courses
Cybersecurity, regulation of data protection and privacy, proper use of the Aadhar database are required and the need of the hour for financial transactions and digitization. Creditworthiness evaluation, e-KYC, online payments need to be strengthened to fulfill the urgent credit needs of all people rural or urban.
Initiating measures like sandboxes, incubators, and testers to encourage mastering the skills in Fintech is the right way to go, to a country that has no dearth of innovators or technical knowledge. India now needs to adapt and assimilate changes in technology by using strategically the full potential of the fintech advancements.
In conclusion, loopholes and gaps in policies need to be plugged for common good rather than personal vision.