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Anti-Money Laundering: Know Your Customer and Customer Identification Program

The term "know your customer" or KYC refers to verifying and investigating a company's customers to prevent money laundering. The term "customer identification program," or CIP, is used by banks and non-banks offering financial services. This guide will explain these terms and how they relate to each other.

What Is Money Laundering?

best investment banking courses with placement in India

It is the process of hiding the source of money. It's a crime, not just against the law—it's also a severe threat to national security. Money laundering differs from drug trafficking or terrorism in that it involves large-scale criminal activity on behalf of organized crime syndicates or terrorist organizations. In most cases, these groups launder their profits through legitimate businesses and banks to avoid detection by authorities trying to track down illegal activity within their own country's borders.

What Is KYC?

Know Your Customer is an abbreviation for KYC, which refers to the process of collecting information about a customer or client. The term also gets used in anti-money laundering (AML) programs, which refers to identifying and verifying individuals involved in financial transactions. 

Know Your Customers (KYC) can refer to:

  • The process of identifying and verifying beneficial owners of companies, trusts, and other legal entities through government registries or commercial databases;
  • An AML program that requires businesses engaged in international trade transactions with customers outside their jurisdiction of origin to provide specific details about those customers;

What is a Customer Identification Program (CIP)?

The customer Identification Program (CIP) is a process to identify customers and verify their identities. It prevents money laundering, complies with anti-money laundering laws, and verifies customers' identities.

The CIP requires banks, brokers, and other financial institutions to collect information about the customer when they open an account or engage in financial transactions involving the use of their funds. The data collected includes:

  • Name
  • Address
  • Telephone number
  • Date of birth

They can use this for internal purposes such as fraud detection or compliance with government regulations like AML/KYC rules (Anti Money Laundering/Know Your Customer).

What's the Difference Between Know Your Customer and Customer Identification Program?

Know Your Customer (KYC) is a process of identifying and verifying the identity of customers. In contrast, the Customer Identification Program (CIP) is a program that helps financial institutions comply with anti-money laundering regulations.

Although the two terms can be interchangeable, there are some differences: Before conducting business, you should know with whom you are dealing. You can use CIP to track transactions between customers or companies.

While both processes protect businesses from money laundering and terrorist financing risks, they have different objectives, regulatory requirements, and requirements for maintaining financial records. 

Learn investment banking courses with Imarticus Learning

With the help of the Certified Investment Banking Operations Professional program, students can begin a career in the financial markets. Students who complete this investment banking certification course will have the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed in banking, treasury, and clearing services at all stages of production. The investment banking course syllabus covers financing, strategic planning, financial management, and the valuation of investment prospects.

Course Benefits for Learners:

  • Students will gain knowledge of financial services, including managing complex securities and derivative products and their trade-life cycles. 
  • Students will get the assistance they need to start their careers in investment banking.
  • Students who complete the derivative markets training program and anti-money laundering course will receive an industry-recognized certificate.

Contact us through chat support, or drive to one of our training centers in Mumbai, Thane, Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, Delhi, Gurgaon, or Ahmedabad.

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About Imarticus
Imarticus Learning is India’s leading professional education institute that offers training in Financial Services, Data Analytics & Technology. We’ve successfully transformed careers of over 35,000+ individuals globally through our Certification, Prodegree, and Post Graduate programs offered in association with leading and renowned global organisations in the Financial Services, Data Analytics & Technology domain.
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